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英文病句急诊室300句之44

chenjie 于2015-04-10发布 l 已有人浏览
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英文病句急诊室300句,分析在口语和写作中容易犯的英语错误,含有正确使用方法及解析。

1.   My car went out of control and crashed head-on with another car. (x)
      My car went out of control and crashed head-on into another car. (√)

crash into sth是指车辆或飞机“撞上某物”,为固定用法。

2.   A truck crashed into a pedestrian this morning. (x)
开心蛋蛋官网       A truck ran down a pedestrian this morning. (√)

crash into用于“撞上某物”。车辆,’撞上某人”须用hit / run down sb.

3.   There is no creditable evidence for these allegations.(x)
      There is no credible evidence for these allegations. (√)

creditable是“值得赞赏的”之意,如:Their performance was highly creditable.(他们的演出值得高度赞赏。)而credible=believable是“可信的”之意。

4.   The plane crash killed all the passengers and crews.(x)
      The plane crash killed all the passengers and crew. (√)

crew是一个集合名词,表在飞机或船上服务的“全体机组人员或水手”,这个词本身就是复数形式,不可再加s。作主语时,须接复数动词,如:The crew are fifteen in all.(水手总共有十五位。)

5.   It took the police years to find out the crime.(x)
      It took the police years to find out about the crime. (√)
开心蛋蛋官网       It took the police years to solve the crime.(√)

将某个犯罪案件“破案”的说法是find out about / solve a crime。

6.   Our town has a very low criminal rate. (x)
      Our town has a very low crime rate. (√)

crime rate / figures / wave即“犯罪率/数据/暴增”,皆为固定用法。criminal作名词时,是“罪犯”之意,如a convicted criminal就是“一名已被定罪的罪犯”。另外,criminal也可作形容词,如a criminal act / offense就是“一起犯罪的行为”,a criminal court是指“一个刑事法庭”。

7.   We need a person that is good at crises management. (x)
      We need a person that is good at crisis management. (√)

crises是“危机”的复数形式,不过“危机处理”的固定说法是crisis management。另外,a crisis of confidence是所谓的“信心危机”,如:The plunge in share prices seemed to spell a crisis of confidence.(股价暴跌似乎说明了信心危机。)

8.   You have to meet our criterias to qualify for membership.(x)
      You have to meet our criteria to qualify for membership. (√)

criteria(评定的标准)是criterion的复数形式,不能再加s。 meet/satisfy /fulfil the criteria(符合标准),为固定用法。

9.   The book is a critic of the government's foreign policies. (x)
开心蛋蛋官网       The book is a critique of the government's foreign policies. (√)

a critic是“一位批评家”,如:Dr. Watson is a famous literary critic.(沃森博士是一位知名的文学批评家。)a critique是“一本批判的书”或“一篇批评的文章或演讲”。另外,criticism是指“批评”的言论或行为,如:The politician has attracted a lot of criticism.(这名政治人物引来不少批评。)

10.   The brand-new model will be our company's biggest cash crop. (x)
        The brand-new model will be our company's biggest cash cow. (√)
 

a cash crop是指“一种种来卖钱的农作物”。a subsistence crop是指“一种种来自己食用的农作物”,如:Most of the vegetables we grow are not subsistence crops but cash crops.(我们种的大部分蔬菜并非自己食用,而是要卖钱的。)a cash cow是指“很赚钱的产品或行业”。
 

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